APRS Resources

1930 Annual Report

Association for the Preservation of Rural Scotland (A.P.R.S.) ANNUAL REPORT 1930 

3 FORRES STREET 

EDINBURGH 

Telephone, 30317 

OFFICE BEARERS 

Honorary President 

The Rt. Hon. THE EARL OF CRAWFORD 

& BALCARRES, K.T. 

President 

The Rt. Hon. THE EARL OF HADDINGTON, M.C. 

Vice-President 

Sir JOHN STIRLING MAXWELL, Bart. 

Chairman of Executive 

Sir IAIN COLQUHOUN, Bart., D.S.O. 

Joint Hon. Secretaries 

F. C. MEARS, F.R.I.B.A. LESLIE G. THOMSON, A.R.I.B.A. 

Hon. Treasurer 

ALEXANDER HARRISON, C.A. 

Organising Secretary 

KENNETH FERGUSON 

OFFICE: 3 FORRES STREET, EDINBURGH Telephone 30317 

EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE 

Chairman-SIR IAIN COLQUHOUN, BART., D.S.O. 

MARQUESS OF ABERDEEN AND 

TEMAIR, K.T. 

MARCHIONESS OF ABERDEEN 

AND TEMAIR. 

H. ALEXANDER. 

Prof. F. G. BAILY. 

Rev. T. RATCLIFFE BARNETT. 

J. BARTHOLOMEW. 

H. MORTIMER BATTEN. 

Sir T. HUDSON BEARE. 

GEORGE CALVERT. 

Sir D. Y. CAMERON. 

THE EARL OF CASSILLIS. 

LADY CASSILLIS. 

G. CONNOR. 

J. ALLAN COOK. 

A. O. CURle. 

W. DAVIDSON. 

G. EYRE-TODD. 

Sir JOHN R. FINDLAY, Bart. 

B. HALL BLYTH. 

Mrs FRASER. 

J. M. HUNTER. 

H. R. G. INGLIS. 

Mrs KENNEDY. 

J. LOCHHEAD. 

T. MACKINTOSH. 

W. ALLAN MACARTNEY. 

T. F. MACLENNAN. 

N. MACVICAR. 

J. D. MONRO. 

Ex-Provost NORVAL. 

J. WILSON PATERSON. J. PATERSON. 

LORD POLWARTH. 

Rev. A. E. ROBERTSON. 

J. M. RUSK. 

A. W. RUSSELL. 

W. P. M. RUSSELL. 

D. GORDON SHIELDS. 

Mrs STUART. 

P. THOMSEN. 

JOHN WARRACK. 

W. E. WHYTE. 

LIAISON MEMBER 

Council for the Preservation of Rural Scotland SIR HENRY FAIRFAX-LUCY, BART. 

The Association for the Preservation of Rural Scotland 

ANNUAL REPORT, 1930 

THE Executive Committee has pleasure in submitting the Annual Report of the Association, together with a Statement of Finances, for the year ended 31st December 1929. 

INTRODUCTION 

The year under review has been one of constant activity, and the cause of the Rural Preservation Movement, not only in Scotland The but throughout the kingdom, has made definite progress. Press has given voice to a great mass of opinion on the subject, and those connected with the workings of the Association are aware of a growing readiness on the part of administrative bodies and of the public to consider its claims, and to give practical effect to its policy of conserving the amenities of the countryside. The first Report, issued in the spring of last year, reviewed operations since the formation of the Association in November 1927. This period, with its initial difficulties, launched the movement, which must still be regarded as in its early stages. 

A debt of gratitude is owed by the Association to its Vice- President, Sir John Stirling Maxwell, and to its able and popular Chairman, Sir Iain Colquhoun, who have spared no pains to further its objects, and who have on many occasions represented it on public platforms and at important negotiations in Scot- land, as also in London. The Committee further desires to record. with satisfaction that the leading office-bearers remain with the Association. 

During the year the Society of Scottish Artists and the Society for the Protection of Wild Birds have joined the Association as Constituent Bodies, and the following affiliations were secured: Arbroath Rotary Club, Falkirk Rotary Club, Glasgow and West of Scotland Federation of Ramblers, Holyrood Club, and the Deeside Field Club. 

Co-operation in various directions has proved of value, while consultations and the exchange of views on many points which have arisen in day-to-day working, attest the benefits of a liaison between groups of Societies with kindred interests, or with single Societies actively devoted to special objects. Recent events in the City of Edinburgh point sharply to the need, and the worth, of co-operation between organised bodies, in order to voice public feeling. The more effectively such co-operation can be brought to bear on questions of national significance, the better will Scotland be able to resist or to overcome noxious influences, and to protect her incomparable countryside from spoliation. 

CONSTITUTION 

At the first General Meeting, held in April 1929, the question of ratifying the Constitution of the Association, as drawn up at the time of its formation, was brought forward, and it was decided that adoption should be deferred pending further experience of practical working. The Executive Committee has since had the opportunity of testing the merits of the Constitution in the light of such experience, and will recommend to the Ordinary General Meeting certain important alterations. The original draft provided for a form of dual control through an Advisory Council, composed of representatives of the Constituent Bodies on the one hand, and an Executive Committee elected from private members of the Association on the other. The main alteration to be recommended is the welding of these two bodies into a single Council, which will thenceforward be responsible for the conduct of the affairs of the Association. Various adjustments arise out of this central fact, involving other alterations of a minor character. 

THE WORK OF THE ASSOCIATION 

Hydroelectric

In matters of Rural Preservation the most important event of the year in Scotland has been the attempt to promote Hydro- electric Schemes affecting approximately 1000 square miles of some of the finest scenery in this country. 

The projects referred to were: 

The Galloway Water-power Scheme. The West Highland Scheme. 

The Grampian Scheme. 

The two former were new developments, and the latter an applica- tion for extension of powers under the present Grampian Scheme, in order to enable the promoters to develop the water-power resources of a wide area in Strathglass, and north and west of Glen Affric. Such wholesale interference with the great glens and their lochs and rivers as was here proposed, compelled investi- gation, in order to ascertain whether these schemes were economically sound and necessary or desirable from a national point of view. Had such been the finding of the Association’s expert advisers, any further concern would have been confined to reasonable care of amenities in the processes of development; but the findings were decidedly adverse, especially in the case of the Highland projects, and a policy of opposition was therefore adopted and pressed. An exhaustive technical analysis of the schemes was published in the Press, and the Association’s views were borne out by evidence in the inquiries held before Committees of the House of Lords. Many members will deplore the fact that waters in Galloway are to be harnessed, whereby the immemorial aspect of many features of natural beauty will be altered beyond recall. On the other hand, there will be a sense of relief that both the Highland projects were rejected; an issue which is a matter for congratulation. Members may be assured that the Association gave material support to those in a position to appear before Parliament as objectors to the schemes; and in the case of the Glen Affric project, evidence was given before the House of Lords Committee by Sir John Stirling Maxwell directly on behalf of the Association. 

ELECTRICAL TRANSMISSION TOWERS 

In the course of the year the public has witnessed the erection of lines of steel towers bisecting the country on the route of the so- called “Grid” or system of electrical power transmission at the high tension of 132,000 volts, which will link up numerous gener- ating stations and industrial centres. Its creation has been a matter of national policy, and as such must be accepted, in spite of detriment to amenities, especially in non-industrial areas. The points to be remarked upon are: 

1. Overhead or underground transmission. 

2. The route of the “Grid.” 

3. The form of tower. 

4. The colour of towers. 

Apart from enormously increased costs, underground transmission at 132,000 volts is to all intents and purposes a technical impossi- bility at the present day, as effective insulation offers very grave difficulties. The route of the Grid in Central Scotland was the 

subject of correspondence between the Central Electricity Board and the Association some eighteen months ago, and marked maps were supplied by the Board for criticism of the projected routes. These were examined in situ by various members of the Associa- tion, and little fault could be found with the positions assigned. As to the form of tower, very serious consideration was given to this question by the Central Electricity Board, and the present type only adopted thereafter. It must be said, however, that structures of the kind, in almost any form, traversing mile upon mile of the country, are anything but an adornment, and the problem becomes one of reducing the unpleasing effect by suitable colouring. A meeting has taken place with regard to this question between Sir Andrew Duncan, Chairman of the Central Electricity Board, and other officials, and Sir Iain Colquhoun and representatives of the Association. Sir Andrew pointed out that the Board’s towers are galvanized and at present unpainted. It is desired that the effects of two seasons’ weathering be observed before anything further be done. Thereafter, the Board is prepared to entertain recommendations for camouflage painting in positions-as, for example, at Swanston-where such a process would serve to render the towers less conspicuous. 

In addition to the high-tension link formed by the Grid, there is the question of distribution lines from the transformer stations, which will carry current at a relatively low voltage, and spread a web of wires to wherever power may be in demand. These lower voltage lines can be satisfactorily insulated underground, but the cost of trenching doubles the outlay, if overhead transmission be abandoned in any particular situation. Such lines are not normally of a very obtrusive character, and may be mistaken for ordinary telephone or telegraph lines to which the public is accustomed, though a big increase of poles and wires in any given area will certainly not enhance amenities. A point here is that local consumers are prone to wire up connections in the crudest manner possible, lopping trees to serve as posts, and otherwise disregard- ing any factor save immediate utility. The Power Distributing Companies appear to be at pains to avoid any needless dis- figurement. 

NATIONAL PARKS 

During the winter of 1928-29 many writers, notably in the Scots Magazine, drew attention to the problem of the creation of a Scottish National Park. As public interest grew, the Committee felt that an opportunity should be given for ventilating the whole question, and a conference of leading Societies and individual protagonists was invited to assemble in Glasgow under the auspices of the Association. The meeting was held in the Highlanders’ Institute on 4th June, and, after a general debate, it was agreed that a Special Committee, to be designated the Scottish Forest Reserve Committee, should be formed through the agency of the Association, to inquire into, and report on, the matter in all its bearings. The following gentlemen, representative of the organisa- tions named, were subsequently appointed to this Committee by their respective Societies and Clubs:- 

Chairman-Sir J. DOUGLAS RAMSAY, Bart., M.V.O., of Bamff. Sir J. STIRLING MAXWELL, Bart., K.T., Assoc.P.R. Scotland. Prof. F. G. BAILY, M.A., M.I.E.E., 

H. MORTIMER BATTEN, F.Z.S., 

F. C. MEARS, F.R.I.B.A., 

J. A. PARKER,, Cairngorm Club. 

G. SANG, W.S., Scottish Mountaineering Club. 

J. D. SUTHERLAND, Forestry Commission. 

גג  

Rev. A. E. ROBERTSON, Scottish Rights of Way and Recreation 

Society. 

Sir E. IM THURN, K.C.M.G., Royal Scottish Geographical Society. R. ANGUS GALLOWAY, Scottish Estate Factors Society. 

A. GRAY, Glasgow and West of Scotland Ramblers Federation. C. W. WALKER, Dundee Ramblers. 

Investigations had not proceeded far when the Prime Minister appointed a Government Committee under the Chairmanship of the Rt. Hon. Dr Addison, to inquire into, and report on, the same question, but with reference to the United Kingdom as a whole. The Government Committee desired that the Scottish Committee should continue its investigations, interests being correlated by the presence of Sir John Stirling Maxwell on both bodies. 

Sir Douglas Ramsay’s Committee having amassed a considerable store of evidence, supported by technical information from leading Scottish scientists, drew up a report, on the invitation of the Govern- ment Committee, which report was submitted to that body, and supplemented by the attendance of witnesses in London: Sir Douglas Ramsay appearing for his Committee, and the Rev. A. E. Robertson (also a member of that Committee) represent- ing the Association. The Scottish Forest Reserve Committee’s report was considered by the Executive Committee of the Associa- 

very 

tion, a majority approval being expressed. In a matter of such wide scope, and in the early stage of its investigation, unanimity of opinion on the issues raised and with regard to the methods to be recommended could not be expected. These opinions broadly shaped themselves under the following heads:- 

1. The zoning and scheduling of lands directly under Government 

control. 

2. The formation of a Scottish National Trust to hold and administer lands purchased through funds to be raised by public subscription. 

3. The application of powers by Local Authorities under (con- templated) Regional or (existing) Town Planning Acts, for the reservation of large areas. 

The chief suggestions of the Scottish Forest Reserve Committee were for: 

1. The formation of a Scottish National Trust. 

2. The purchase of lands in the Cairngorms for a Recreational 

Park. 

3. The control of an area about Glen Affric under a Regional 

scheme for Nature Reservation. 

The Report of the Government Committee on the mass of evidence now collected is awaited, and thus the matter stands. 

A SCOTTISH NATIONAL TRUST 

The Committee has the question of the formation of such a Trust under consideration, apart from the National Park problem. It is felt that, whereas the National Trust in England has its hands very full, and is by policy averse to commitments in Scotland, public benefactors in the North, who might be disposed to gift properties, either large or small, to the nation, have no body of public trustees to whom to resort. The Office of Works is in a position, it is true, to supply the need in certain cases, but there is a feeling that over- much bureaucratic control is undesirable, and the constitution of a Scottish National Trust, administered by members of undoubted status, appears to be warranted. 

REGIONAL AND TOWN PLANNING 

The term “Town Planning” is somewhat misleading, “Country Planning” giving, in fact, a better suggestion of the purposes in view, which under the Acts is to give control of lay-outs and to secure the preservation of open spaces where development is imminent or probable. The operations of mapping, scheduling, and zoning by Local Authorities under the Town Planning (Scot- land) Act of 1925 have statutory force when agreed upon, and by co-operation between groups of Local Authorities future develop- ment over wide areas may thus be controlled on a preconsidered scheme. Regional Planning is an extension of the same principle, but of wider application, and is at present advisory only. There, seems no more promising manner of safeguarding the countryside from promiscuous exploitation, and the Association therefore watches progress in this direction with a very special interest. As, however, the executive powers lie in the hands of the Local Authorities, the Association, unless invited into consultation, can do little directly, beyond encouraging the initiation and guiding the evolution of schemes, where it may. At the same time many members of the Association are intimately connected in their official capacities with this significant work, as for example in the Clyde Valley, in the projected Central Scotland Scheme, in Fife and the Lothians, and in Aberdeenshire. The Department of Health for Scotland, with which the Association is in frequent consultation, expresses marked satisfaction at the progress now being made in Scotland after years of delay, and in particular it is gratifying to report that the lower part of Loch Lomond-side has recently become the subject of a scheme, and is thus secured from future encroachment of an uncontrolled nature. The County Councils will be reconstituted in May of the current year, and it seems not improbable that Parliament may, in the near future, give them statutory powers for Regional Planning. 

LOCAL HOUSING 

A disturbing feature of modern building development is the fact that the advice of skilled architects is so rarely sought, particularly in the re-housing of the smaller wage-earners and other persons of scanty means. A great mass of building has to be effected to replace existing slum areas, not only in the cities, but in the country towns and villages, and it is estimated that ten years’ work may be required to overtake the problem. In the process much needless disfigurement will occur, in the absence of an adequate standard of taste. The unnecessary ugliness of many new houses of the humbler sort is very obvious, and the question, which bristles with difficulties, has been carefully considered by the Association. Suggestions have been laid before the Council of the Royal Incorporation of Architects in Scotland, which it is hoped may lead to the betterment of an illogical situation whereby so great a mass of structural effort proceeds without advice from those best qualified to guide it. From the aesthetic standpoint, Scotland in the past has owed much to her simple dwellings of the humbler sort, which to-day are multiplied in standardised types that are too often unsightly by reason of defects in form, texture, or colour. Attention has been drawn to Crofter housing in the Hebrides, particularly in South Harris, where the Government has recently acquired lands at Luskentyre for partition into small holdings. The type of dwelling is controlled in practice by the Department of Agriculture for Scotland, and the danger here, as in all local housing schemes, is that misdirected economy tends to the introduction of structures, and the use of materials, out of keeping with their surroundings. 

ROADS AND BRIDGES 

Work on the new road through Glencoe is now proceeding, both in the Glen itself and in the Bridge of Orchy-Kingshouse section. The Association had some success in pressing for a good type of bridging, and stone bridges are in course of construction in certain situations, though in the cutting below the “Studdy” it is under- stood that concrete will have to be employed. It is difficult, at present, to judge of the effect of this motor highway as a whole, but it is to be feared that the Association’s anxiety that much of the wild grandeur of this wonderful glen will be lost, may yet prove to be only too well founded. It is to be noted that the plans of this road had been passed by the authorities either before the Associa- tion was constituted, or in the very early days of its formation. Representations therefore came too late to influence construction except in minor respects. 

Particular attention has been given to the Wade bridges in Perthshire, the historical interest of which appears to be fully appreciated by the authorities. The Tummel and Aberfeldy bridges will be preserved but may have to be by-passed, and thus superseded by modern structures. Ballantine’s bridge over the Lyon at Culdaremore near Fortingall, though in no good state for heavy traffic, and indeed officially closed for such purposes, will, it is understood, also be retained. The plans of the important new bridge proposed at Dornie in Kintail were submitted by the Ross- shire County Council to the Royal Fine Arts Commission, as the result of representations by the Association to the former body, and it is understood that alterations suggested by the Association for the design of this bridge have been accepted. They constitute 

a very great improvement in the appearance of the proposed structure, and will effect a saving both in cost and maintenance. These are significant points. In the case of another important bridge at Grantown, the engineers concerned consulted the Association with regard to their design, and agreed to certain modifications which have since been approved by the County Council, while the design of important new bridges in the northern section of the Glasgow-Inverness Road has been entrusted to distinguished engineers and architects closely connected with the Association. It is satisfactory to note that the Fine Arts Com- mission is steadily increasing its influence in such matters in Scotland. Watch will have to be kept on road and bridging affairs, as a vast amount of work has yet to be undertaken, and the reports of members with regard to any proposed developments in their neighbourhood will be valuable. It is very desirable that early information should be given in all cases of importance. 

ADVERTISEMENT SIGNS AND HOARDINGS 

The position in respect of effective control of Hoardings and Signs remains highly unsatisfactory in Scotland. The Law Officers have hitherto advised the Secretary of State for Scotland that the Scottish Courts would probably not sustain the validity of bye-laws sanctioned under the Advertisement Control Acts of 1907 and 1925. The difficulty having been the subject of representations to the Scottish Office, a long-deferred meeting took place in Glasgow early in December last between the Under-Secretary of State (Mr Thomas Johnston) and representatives of the Association of County Councils in Scotland, the Scapa Society, and this Association. 

Mr Johnston undertook, after much pressure, that the Scottish Office would reconsider its position, and there the matter stands. The anomaly is, that under the self-same Acts, bye-laws passed by the Home Office have been sustained in a Test Case by the English Courts, and nearly all English Counties now possess controlling bye-laws. At the meeting referred to, an urgent request was made for the passing of model bye-laws, in terms of the Acts, under which, if necessary, a Test Case could be fought out in Scotland, but this facility was refused by the Under-Secretary, at any rate pending further consideration. 

While such is the situation in regard to the statutes, it is gratifying to report that there is a desire on the part of the leading Bill- posting Companies to avoid disfigurements, and to erect their hoardings in an orderly and inoffensive manner. Much dis- figurement is caused in properly rural areas, not by the large billposters, but by small private contractors, garage proprietors, and others, who erect signs and hoardings in fields, or place them eye in the most on the walls of buildings, where they may catch the blatant fashion without any consideration for order or amenity. With bye-laws in force under the above-mentioned Acts, and with local interest in their enforcement, it would be possible to order the removal of thousands of the vulgar eyesores now obtruded through- out the country. The Association continues to follow up affairs with the Scottish Office. During the year, individual advertisers have very courteously agreed to the removal of hoardings in particular situations, and the management of the L.N.E. Railway has shown a cordial spirit in meeting the suggestions of the Asso- ciation. 

PETROL-FILLING STATIONS 

The agitation against tawdry garage appointments, glaring pumps, and the promiscuous display of enamel signs, has had the gratifying effect of causing the trade to commence setting its own house in order. It is felt that, with this tendency in operation, it would be invidious for the Association to press matters over hard, and it is hoped that a gradual but quite marked improvement will become apparent. A Committee of the Home Office conducted inquiries into such matters during the year under review, and it is understood that many of its recommendations are being assimilated by garage proprietors and others concerned with the motor industry. 

ANCIENT MONUMENTS 

During the year special attention was paid to certain old bridges as noted under a separate heading. The Tythe Barn of Whitekirk came under observation, and it transpired that a member of the Association, Major Baird of Lennoxlove, had already charged himself with its restoration. Roofing repairs have since been effected under the advice of the Office of Works. The condition of Prince Charlie’s Monument at Glenfinnan has been a cause of anxiety, the masonry having fallen into a state of disrepair, and damage having been done by souvenir hunters. As a result of correspondence with the Factor of the Glenalladale Estate, it is understood that the necessary repairs will be carried out in the spring of this year. 

A pre-Roman Camp on the Clachard Rock, near Newburgh in Fife, and indeed the Rock or Crag itself, threatened by quarrying operations, have been the subject of inquiry with a view to averting undue damage. Much work awaits the Association in the survey of features of antiquarian or architectural interest worthy of preservation throughout the country. Mr William Davidson, F.R.I.B.A., is now the Convener of an enthusiastic Committee which has taken over this section of the Association’s interests, and reports and suggestions may be submitted to him at 2 Coates Crescent, Edinburgh, or to the Organising Secretary, at the offices of the Association. 

PUBLIC SPEAKING, PROPAGANDA, AND EDUCATIONAL EFFORT 

Under this heading mention may be made of numerous public addresses delivered during the period under review, and of the Photographic Exhibition displayed in Edinburgh in April 1929. Sir John Stirling Maxwell has on several occasions addressed public assemblies on behalf of the Association, notably a meeting in the City Chambers, Glasgow, called by Lord Provost Sir David Mason, and a large gathering under the auspices of the Philo- sophical Institution in Edinburgh more recently, when his remarks were supported by very telling lantern slides. Sir Iain Colquhoun has likewise actively supported the movement by speaking.on numerous occasions at public meetings in Edinburgh and Glasgow, and also at functions in London; and the Organising Secretary has spoken at many centres. All lovers of the countryside will be grateful to the Press for the liberal manner in which it has opened its columns to the subject, and in general, and through such channels, there is much evidence to show that considerations of amenity assume an increasing importance in the public mind, with a resulting pressure on administrative bodies. The Photographic Exhibition was successful. Well-attended exhibitions, however, involve considerable outlay, and in this respect the operations of the Association have been handicapped by lack of funds. Plans are now on foot for a small and effective Exhibition illustrative of various aspects and departments of the Association’s interests, of which, when formed, it is hoped various organisations will avail themselves for educational purposes. Contributions towards an Exhibition Fund would be welcomed. There can be no doubt that ocular demonstration by models, architectural perspectives, lantern slides, and comparative facts and figures, does more to influence opinion than unaided argument, however eloquent. 

Under this heading also reference may be made to the Litter question. The Scottish Education Department has been approached with a view to influencing Local Education Authorities in teaching on this matter. The co-operation of the Scout Organisation in dis- tributing “anti-litter” cards issued by the Association has been helpful, and although the prevalence of litter is deplorably rife, some improvement has undoubtedly taken place-a hopeful sign being that the Juvenile Organisations are developing a strong tendency in the right direction. Consideration of the problem indicates the desirability of the authorities prosecuting in certain cases, as has recently been done. Townspeople are probably the worst offenders on their country excursions, and it is to be remarked that well-to-do persons with expensive cars are commonly at fault. There is little evidence to discriminate between male and female offenders, but adults, rather than juveniles, are undoubtedly the main delinquents. That it is not utopian to hope for reform in this matter is proved by the fact that at least one country in Europe has been completely successful in coping with the problem. 

COUNTY AND DISTRICT ORGANISATIONS 

The Committee is desirous of establishing County or other Local Committees in order to extend the Association’s observation of rural areas, and a start has been made, but other more pressing demands upon the time of the Organising Secretary have not permitted full application to this problem, which necessarily involves a very considerable amount of work. 

RIVER POLLUTION 

This involved problem remains under examination, and the Scottish Advisory Committee continues its investigations. For- tunately the question seems less acute, with some exceptions, in Scotland than in England, and it appears that the direction of future legislation will be towards the setting up of River Boards, so that streams of importance may be under the control of one Authority, instead of the innumerable Local Authorities and riparian owners now responsible for the prevention of pollution. Cumbersome laws, coupled with this multiplicity of authorities, are obstacles, and moreover the Common Law is sometimes at variance with the Statute Law. It is evident that a great amount of work on this question has yet to be undertaken, in process of which, evidence may be submitted by the Association. The Scottish Advisory Committee has completed a survey of the rivers Tweed and Esk (Midlothian), and will next examine the Forth. It is to be regretted that more ample Departmental provision cannot be made by Government for expediting these very important investigations. 

EDINBURGH, 6th March 1930.-We have examined the Books and Accounts of the Association for the Preservation of Rural Scotland, submitted to us for the year ended 31st December 1929, with the vouchers and other instructions, and we have found them correct. We have seen the securities for the invested funds. 

(Signed) A. & J. ROBERTSON, C.A., Hon. Auditors. 

It will be observed from the above Statement of Accounts that the Revenue for the year 1929 from all sources amounted to £490, 5s., and the Expenditure for the same period to £933, 7s. 9d., resulting in a debit balance of £443, 2s. 9d. Adding to this the adverse balance from the previous year of £88, 9s., the result is a surplus of expenditure over receipts of £531, IIS. 9d. 

This, of course, is far from satisfactory, but steps are now being taken to place the finance of the Association upon a more secure basis, and it is hoped that Members will assist the Executive Committee by securing a large addition to the Membership. 

Members and Associates numbered 532 at the end of December 1929 (excluding Representatives of Constituent Bodies and Affiliations), as against 206 Members (all told) twelve months previously. 

CONCLUDING OBSERVATIONS 

It is not possible within the scope of a short report to do more than delineate in a cursory manner the activities of the Association, but enough has been written to indicate that these are of a very multifarious nature. While most of its work will at once command general approval, there are some problems with which it has inevitably been brought to touch which have in them controversial elements, and it is hoped that the line of action adopted in each case will convince the unbiased critic that it is sparing no pains to handle such problems in an even-handed way, so as to steer a middle course between undue interference with reasonable expansion on the one hand, and allowing the countryside to be spoiled through default of timely action on the other. In pursuit of this policy, it has endeavoured to thresh out exhaustively every question, and to obtain the most up-to-date advice from approved experts at every step. Working on these lines, the Association has the full assurance that it will year by year enlist fuller support and sympathy, for it appeals directly to one of the passions implanted earliest in the human breast, the Love of Nature. 

To the Hon. Treasurer, 

ENROLMENT OR DONATION FORM 

THE ASSOCIATION FOR THE PRESERVATION OF RURAL SCOTLAND, 

13 Forres Street, Edinburgh. 

000 

£5 5 0 

Life Member 

Please enrol me as: 

Associate (non-voting). 

Annual Member 

Delete what is not required. 

Cheque or Postal Order is enclosed. 

Name…. 

Address… 

о от о 

Or, please receive £ 

o So 

17 

as a Donation to the funds of the Association. 

I bequeath the sum of £……… 

LEGACY FORM 

free of Death Duties to the ASSOCIATION FOR THE PRESERVATION OF RURAL SCOTLAND, 

and I declare that the receipt of the Honorary Treasurer of the said Association shall be a sufficient discharge for the said sum, 

Signature……. 

Address.. 

Date… 

19 

PLEASE NOTE 

THE ASSOCIATION FOR THE PRESERVATION OF RURAL SCOTLAND 

When filled in, this form should be forwarded to the Organising Secretary of the Association, at 3 Forres Street, Edinburgh. 

Names and Addresses of persons who, in my opinion, would be interested to see a copy of the Report of the Association. You may mention my name to those marked*. 

Signed………… 

NAME (giving Titles, etc.). 

ADDRESS. 

21 

Allan, Mrs H. M. 

23 

LIFE MEMBERS March 1930 

Ancaster, The Rt. Hon. the Dumfries, The Rt. Hon. the 

Deas, F. W. 

Earl of. Dundas, R. H. 

Earl of. 

Anderson, A. R. 

Anderson, Miss M. K. 

Baird, Major W. A. 

Balfour, F. R. S. Barbour, G. F. Barbour, Mrs A. H. F. Barclay, T. Barclay-Harvey, C. M. Barry, Mrs J. Park. Bartholomew, L. St. C. Biddulph, Sir T. G., Bart. Bishop, Frederick. 

Blair, J. D. 

Brock, Miss E. M. 

Buccleuch, The Rt. Hon. the 

Duke of. 

Burnett, John I. 

Burns, Robert. 

Butter, Col. C. A. 

Calry, Mrs de. 

Cameron, Sir D. Y., R.A. Campbell, Sir A., Bart. 

Cargill, Sir J. T. 

Carnegie, Lady Helena. 

Carnegie, Mrs N. B. 

Durie, Miss A. 

Edmondston, Miss A. Edwards, John. 

Ferguson, Mrs Janet. Ferguson, W. F. Findlay, Sir John R., Bart. Findlay, Miss J. L. Fletcher, A. M. T. 

Flett, R. J. R., W.S. Forman, Capt. G. E. Grant. Forsyth, E. G. H. Fraser, Charles Ian. 

Gardiner, Sir F. C. Gardiner, Hugh. 

Gibb, Sir Alexander, K.B.E. Gilmour, Sir Robert Gordon, 

Bart. 

Haddington, The Rt. Hon. the 

Earl of. 

Hall, Mrs J. Macalister. 

Hamilton, Major W. M. F. Harrison, A. 

Cassillis, The Rt. Hon. the Harrison, E. S. 

Countess of. 

Cochran, R. I. 

Cormack, Robert. 

Courthope, Miss E. J. 

Courthope, Robert. 

Cowan, John J. 

Harrison, J. 

Hickman, Brig.-Gen. T. E. 

Hope-Stavert, Brig.-Gen. 

Hope, Lady. 

Hyde, James H. 

Crawford and Balcarres, The Inglis, Hatry R. G. 

Rt. Hon. the Earl of. 

Crichton, J. B. 

Jones, Mrs Walter. 

65 

Keiller, A. 

24 

LIFE MEMBERS-continued 

Kennedy, Miss E. M. 

Kennedy, Mrs R. 

Keswick, Mrs Freda. 

Lamont, Sir Norman, Bart. 

Landale, D. 

Lawrie, Miss A. M. 

Lawrie, Mrs J. D. 

Phillip, Colin. Pitman, John S. 

Potter, B. 

Price, C. E. 

Pryor, F. R. 

Raeburn, Miss E. M. Reid, A. T. 

Reid, Sir Hugh, Bart. 

Leven and Melville, The Rt. Ross, Lt.-Col. Hugh C. E. 

Hon. the Earl of. 

Lindley, Miss Julia. Lumsden, Miss M. 

Macandrew, Miss A. J. M. Macandrew, Miss I. M’Cowan, Sir David. 

Mackenzie, Compton. Mackenzie, G. B. Maclay, Lord. 

Macleod of Macleod. 

Macvicar, Neil, W.S. 

Malcolmson, V. A. 

Russell, David, LL.D. 

Russell, Jackson. 

Salmon, Mrs Bryant. Salvesen, Noel G. 

Shaw-Stewart, Sir H., Bart. 

Simpson, James. Simpson, R. A. C. 

Smith, Miss A. 

Smith, Miss Helen, 

Smith, Miss Janet. 

Spencer, Col. C. L. Stevenson, R. M. 

Mar and Kellie, The Rt. Hon. Stodart, Charles. 

the Earl of. 

Martin, Mrs Donald. 

Mechan, Sir Henry. Molteno, D. J. Morison, James. Morrison, Hugh, M.P. Muir, Sir A. K. Muirhead, Major A. Murray, Miss E. G. Murray, Miss. Murray-Usher, Mrs. 

Nicol, W. S. W. 

Paton, R. A. N, 

Paulin, N. G. 

Pettigrew, Sir Andrew. 

Strang-Steel, Major S. Swinton, Rev. A. E. Swinton, Mrs A. E. 

Tennant, The Rt. Hon. H. J. Tennant, F. J. 

Tennant, Lt.-Col. J. E. Tennant, Mrs J. 

Thomas, R. G. D. 

Thomson, Leslie G., F.R.I.B.A. Thomson, W. 

Tod, Mrs N. M. 

Walker, Sir Alexander, K.B.E. 

Wallace, H. F. 

Wallace, Capt. P. 

Ward, E. 

25 

LIFE MEMBERS-continued 

Yorke, Maurice. Younger, H. J. 

Watson, Guthrie. 

Watt, James, W.S. 

Weir, The Rt. Hon. Lord. 

Yuille, J. 

Wilson, Sir Robert, D.L. 

LIST OF ANNUAL MEMBERS March 1930 

Aberdeen, The Rt. Hon. the | Blackie, Mrs A. W. 

Marquess and Marchioness of. 

Addison-Smith, C. L., W.S. 

Aikman, J. L. 

Blair, James H. 

Blair, R. K., W.S. 

Blyth, B. Hall, C.E. 

Airlie, The Rt. Hon. the Earl of. Brand, Miss E. 

Aitken, A. C. 

Aitken, A. N. G. 

Alexander, H. 

Alexander, W. M. 

Alison, R. B. 

Allen, Miss J. 

Brock, Dr A. J. 

Brown, J. Hally. 

Brown, S. Hally. 

Brown, J. R. 

Brown, Mrs J. R. 

Bruce, A. N., W.S. 

Anderson, Sir Kenneth S., Bart. Buchanan, C. A. 

Anderson, Miss M. M. 

Burness, R., W.S. 

Anderson, Miss. 

Burns, K. 

Anstruther, Sir Ralph, Bart. 

Burt, Mrs. 

Astley, Miss C. C. 

Balfour, A., M.D. 

Barnett, T. Ratcliffe, D.D. Barrie, W. 

Batten, H. Mortimer. 

Beare, Sir T. Hudson, M.I.C.E. Begg, J. 

Begg, Miss A. E. B. 

Begg, G. B. 

Begg, J. B. 

Begg, Miss J. P. 

Bell, C. E. 

Berry, C. W. 

Bird, C. K. 

Cadell, H. M. 

Calvert, George. 

Campbell, A. Lorne, F.R.I.B.A. Campbell, Lady G. 

Campbell, Mrs M. Lyon. Carus-Wilson, Mrs C. 

Cassillis, The Rt. Hon. the Earl 

of. 

Caw, J. L. 

Clapperton, L. 

Clark, W. I. Connor, G. H. A. Cook, J. Allan. 

Cornish, Vaughan. 

Cowan, Miss G. 

Black, C. M. 

Black, M. F. 

Cowan, J., K.C. 

Blackburn, The Hon. Lord. 

Cownie, Colin B. 

Cross, R. 

26 

LIST OF ANNUAL MEMBERS-continued 

Cumming, J. 

Cunningham, Mrs J. C. 

Cunningham, Miss M. C. 

Curle, A. O. 

Currie, Alistair. 

Currie, Miss C. M. 

Currie, J. 

Fraser, Prof. J. 

Fraser, Mrs J. 

Fraser, G. M. 

Fraser, Wm. 

Fraser, W. A. 

Fyfe, Robert. 

Gibson, George. 

Gillespie, Rutherfurd C., W.S. 

Dalrymple, Sir H. Hamilton, Gillieson, Rev. W. Phin. 

Bart. 

Davidson, W., F.R.I.B.A. 

Davies, Major R. G. R. Debenham, Miss M. H. Debenham, H. B. 

Dick, W. Reid. 

Dickson, W. S. 

Dixon, A. J. 

Douglas, F. A. Brown. 

Dron, Professor R. W., M.A. Dundas, Sir George, Bart. Dundas, Lady. 

Dunlop, Miss. 

Dunlop, Miss E. 

Dymock, Miss. 

Ellis, Miss W. M. 

Ellis, Miss M. E. 

Erskine, Miss. 

Ewing, Sir N. A. Orr, Bart. 

Eyre-Todd, G. 

Gilruth, J. D., M.D. Gladstone, C. Gladstone, Mrs H. Glendinning, Mrs P. B. Goldsworthy, Mrs I. N. Gordon, Mrs Seton. Gourlay, R. R. Gow, Leonard. Graham, Thomas. 

Grant, Sir Alexander, Bart. Grant, Miss I. F. 

Grant, Sir Ludovic J., Bart. 

Green, Mrs M. A. Greenhill, W., C.A. Greig, John. 

Guild, J. H., W.S. 

Guthrie, L. A., W.S. 

Haig-Ferguson, J., M.D. Haldane, H. W., C.A. 

Hamilton, Gen. Sir Iain, G.C.B. Hamilton, J. Whitelaw, R.S.A. 

Ferguson, Lt.-Com. E. J., R.N. Harrison, Miss A. 

Ferguson, Mrs F. J. 

Ferguson, Miss E. M. 

Ferguson, Mrs Macqueen. Flett, A. B., M.D. 

Ford, Sir Patrick, M.P. Forsyth, D. S. Forsyth, Robert. 

Fowler, W. Hope, M.B. 

Harrison, A. C. 

Harrison, Mrs H. G. 

Harrison, J. E. 

Haslam, Oliver. 

Haughton, 

W. T. H. Hodgson, Mrs. 

Mr 

and 

Mrs 

Hopkins, G. B. Innes. 

27 

LIST OF ANNUAL MEMBERS-continued 

Hughes, T. 

Hunter, J. M., Advocate. 

Hunter, N. M. 

Hutchinson, J. 

Jacob, Mrs A. Jaffrey, Sir Thomas. Jamieson, F. Fraser. Jeffery, Miss R. S. Johnson, W. H., C.E. Johnston, C. P. R. Johnston, W. C., D.K.S. Johnstone, Henry. Johnstone, J. 

Keith, Sir Henry. Kennedy, Miss E. M. Kerr, Henry F., A.R.I.B.A. King, Robert B., Advocate. 

Laidlaw, Walter. Lander, Mrs E. 

Lawrie, Mrs. 

Lawson, John 

Bart. 

Millar, J. Duncan. 

Millar, Robert C., C.A. 

Miller, John. 

Milne-Watson, Sir D. Milne. 

Mitchell, G. A. 

Moncur, J. L. 

Monro, J. D. Mortimer, Mrs. 

Moyes, Rev. W. B. 

Munro, D. Smeaton, M.I.M.E. Murdoch, J. A. D. 

Murray, Patrick. Murrie, Robert. 

Macaulay, James, F.S.I., 

M.T.P.I. 

M’Cormick, A. 

Macdonald, Donald S., W.S. 

MacDonald, Miss Louisa. 

M’Ewen, Provost A. (Inver- 

ness). 

MacGeorge, W. S., R.S.A. 

Macgregor, Walter. 

M’Innes, Latimer. 

Leith-Buchanan, Sir George, Mackay, J. R., A.R.I.B.A. 

Lidderdale, H. M. Ling, W. Norman. Liston-Foulis, G. H. Littlejohn, Miss. Lochhead, James. Lorimer, George. Lowson, Miss Jean. Lowson, Miss. Maclehose, James. Maitland, Miss E. Marr, J. Sinclair. Marton, Mr and Mrs. Mathison, D. M. Maxwell, J. M. Scott. Millar, Canon E. W. 

M’Kechnie, Miss. 

Mackenzie, Sir R. C. 

Mackinlay, Mrs I. J. 

Mackintosh, Dr A. 

Mackintosh, T., W.S. 

M’Lachlan, Turner, C.A. 

M’Larty, M., M.D., F.R.C.P.E. M’Lean, W. H., Ph.D., 

M.Inst.C.E. 

Maclean, Lt.-Col. A. J. H. Macleod, Col. N. 

MacMichael, Miss B. S. 

Napier, Mr. Napier, Mrs. 

Newbigin, Dr Marion I. 

28 

LIST OF ANNUAL MEMBERS-continued 

Nicholson, Sir A. 

Noël-Paton, V. A. 

Ochterlony, C. F. Ochterlony, Mrs. Orphoot, Miss E. Orr, Miss E. B. Orr, J. Neil, M.A. 

Scott, Henry. 

Sinclair, Sir A., Bart. 

Smith, C. Maitland. Smith, Sir Malcolm. Smith, W. A. 

Smith, W. Wright, M.A., 

F.R.S.E. 

Smyth, The Hon. Mrs. 

29 

LIST OF ANNUAL MEMBERS-continued 

Williamson, J. W. 

Williamson, the Rev. C. D. R. 

Wrench, Miss W. 

Warren, Mrs Bruce. 

Watt, Lt.-Col. E. W., T.D. 

Wood, A. 

White, Peter. 

Whitson, Mrs T. B. 

Wildridge, Mrs E. 

Wilkinson, John. 

Paterson, A. N. 

Paterson, C. J. G., C.A. 

Paterson, J. Wilson. 

Paterson, Miss. 

Sparke, Frank S. 

Spence, Kenneth. 

Sprot, Miss N. 

Stevenson, Sir D. M., Bart. 

Stewart, Sir Hugh Shaw, Bart. 

Penney, Scott Moncrieff, Ad- Stirling, Major A. 

vocate. 

Pirie, George, R.S.A. 

Pollock, Dr A. N. 

Polwarth, The Rt. Hon. Lord. 

Pringle, W. 

Raeburn, Sir W. 

Raeburn, Miss E. C. 

Raeburn, Miss R. M. 

Ramsay, D. M. 

Ramsay, J. M. 

Reardon, Mrs. 

Reid, J. W. 

Rennie, John. 

Ritchie, W. 

Roberts, J. 

Robertson, Rev. A. E. 

Robertson, Francis G. G. 

Rose, A. Alistair. 

Russell, W., C.B. 

Russell, Capt. W. P. M., M.C. 

Salvesen, Miss D. 

Salvesen, The Rt. Hon. Lord. Sampson, Prof. R. A., F.R.S. Scott, Miss A. Scott-Plummer, C. H. 

Strang, Wm. 

Stuart, W. J., F.R.C.S.E. 

Stuart, Mrs. 

Sturrock, George. 

Sutherland, J. D. 

Sutherland, H.G. the Duke of. 

Telfer, S. V. 

Terras, Mrs A. M. 

Thin, Robert, F.R.C.P.E. Thomsen, P. 

Thomson, Prof. Arthur, M.A. 

Thomson, Mrs E. G. Thomson, Spencer C. 

Thomson, Mrs Spencer C. 

Thorburn, M. G. 

Truninger, L. 

Turnbull, M. M’K. 

Ure, W. P. 

Usher, Sir Robert, Bart. 

Walker, Sir James, D.Sc. Walter, Mrs H. Ward-Thompson, B. Warden, H. L. 

Warrack, John. 

Angus, Miss Mary. Arthur, J. G. 

Baird, Sir David, Bart. 

Barclay, Miss. Begg, Miss E. 

Begg, Miss M. B. 

Berry, Miss Gertrude. Black, Jas., S.S.C. Black, Miss A. 

Blades, D. P., Advocate. Boyle, David. Brydon, Harry B. 

Caird, A. M. Henryson. Cairns, J. D., F.R.I.B.A. Campbell, E. M., W.S. Christie, A. W. Stark, 

F.R.C.S.E. 

Christie, Dr D., C.M.G. Cockburn, A. J. Coldstream, Mrs E. Cousland, Mr. Craig, Dr R. W. Craigdallie, J. C. H. Curle, F. R. N. 

Daniels, W. W. Dott, P. M’Omish. 

Easterbrook, Mr and Mrs. 

Younger, Mrs W. 

ASSOCIATES 

Fairbairn, H. D. 

Fairley, J. M’L. 

Forrest, Miss G. 

Fowler, W. Fraser, W. H. 

Gibson, Lady. 

Goudie, Robert, J.P. 

Grant, J. A. W. Gray, A. F. 

Gray, Misses M. and F. Grierson, Mrs M. L. Gunn, Mrs. 

Hamilton, J. B. Hardie, Alan. Hardie, R. S. L. Harley, G. L. 

Hislop, Miss. 

Hogben, John. 

Howden, Mrs. 

Howden, J. M., D.L., C.A. 

Johnston, J. D., Advocate. 

Kerr-Hannay, Prof. R., LL.D. 

Law, Mrs J. Littlejohn, Miss M. 

M’Gregor, Murray, M.A. 

30 

ASSOCIATES-continued 

Mackenzie, Miss M. S. 

Marwick, T. Craigie, L.R.I.B.A. Matheson, Miss F. G. Matheson, Miss S. I. 

Matthew, Miss C. 

Matthewson, Mrs E. S. 

Milligan, Jas, W.S. 

Moncur, Miss B. G. 

Monro, Mrs J. D. Murray, Mrs E. 

Nicol, Miss N. Nisbet, R. C. 

Norman, G. P., W.S. Notman, J. H., W.S. 

Oldfield, Mrs. 

Orr, Miss M. Balfour. 

Paterson, K., M.D. Patterson, A. Proudfoot, Miss B. 

Rankin, W. A., W.S. Roberton, Bailie, Miss. Romanes, Mrs. Romanes, Miss. Rusk, C. M. 

Scot-Skirving, A. A., C.M.G. Shand, J. Harvey. Shaw, M. S. 

Shirreff, Miss. 

Small, D. A. 

Standfield, Mrs J. S. 

Stevenson, Miss. 

Stewart Orr, Mr and Mrs. 

Stirton, Mrs. 

Stuart, the Rev. H. 

Sutherland, W. Milne, C.A. and 

W.S. 

Thomson, Mrs. 

Welch, Prof., D.D. Wilson, Thos. 

Winter, Mr and Mrs J. M. Wright, J., R.S.W. 

Wyer, Miss F. 

Younger, Mrs C. F. 

Younger, Mrs G. 

Younger, Miss J. 

In addition to the above List of Members and Associates, the Constituent Bodies and Affiliated Societies of the Association appoint representatives from among their Members, who are entitled to the full Membership privileges of the Association. The list of these is at present under revision, pending the adoption of alterations in the original draft Constitution, which will increase the numbers. 

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